The Physics of Condensed Plasmoids, Ball Lightning & LENR


After decades of research on high-density charge clusters [1], ball lightning and LENR [2] it turns out, that Edward H. Lewis was right with his hypothesis: Atoms can enter a previously unknown state of matter, in which they behave like ball lightning, and which is at the heart of the LENR phenomenon [3, 4].

The quantum-mechanical understanding of this strange state of matter, which will in the following be called “condensed plasmoids (CP)”, enables us to build and control scalable low-cost devices, which can convert nuclear energy to heat – safely and environmentally clean.

In contrast to the quantum-mechanical model of the atom, which is based on the spherically symmetric electrostatic potential of the nucleus, the quantum-mechanical model of CP is based on the cylindrical symmetry of a very thin plasma “wire”.

In CP both, the nuclei and the electrons are moving rapidly in opposite directions along the plasma wire. This results in a strong electric current through the wire, pinching the plasma thin via its strong magnetic field.

The assumption, that the nuclei of the atoms are fixed points in space (Born-Oppenheimer approximation), is not adequate for modeling CP. The wave functions of all the electrons and all the nuclei are largely delocalized in one dimension.

While the cylindrical model of CP is a good approximation on a microscopic level, there are plasma instabilities, which organize the shape of CP on a mesoscopic level in complicated ways, requiring also magneto-hydrodynamic modeling.

CP enable nuclear reactions between the ions via strong electronic screening of the Coulomb barrier and via self-amplifying longitudinal density oscillations of the plasma.

The gamma radiation of nuclear reactions inside the plasma wire are suppressed, because the dense electron current in the plasma wire provides high dampening of the dipole oscillation of excited nuclei.

Table of Content

  1. Introduction
  2. CP Quantum Mechanics

[To be continued]



Shoulders, Ken and Shoulders, Steve 1999: “Charge Clusters in Action


Storms, Edmund 2003: “A Student's Guide to Cold Fusion


Lewis, Edward H. 2008: “Traces of Ball Lightnings in Apparatus”,
Unconventional Electromagnetics and Plasmas, 1&2, 89-97, 2008


Lewis, Edward H. 2008: “Evidence of Ball Lightning – A Survey of Some Recent Experimental Papers Describing Microscopic Objects Associated with Transmutation Phenomena”, ICCF-14